“We define social problems as the activities of individuals or groups making assertions of grievances and claims with respect to some putative conditions.” Malcolm Spector and John I. Kitsuse.
Writers above show that the social problem is an activity that bring harmful more than the benefit to the personal, family, country, especially the today’s modern world. The social problem became more and more serious in the entire world which shows that the social problem is increasing in anywhere and anytime. As the third world country, Malaysia, the country’s growth influenced by the social problem seriously. We need to find out how do these problems affect our country’s growth and discuss the step to prevent the issues.
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Illegal immigration can be defined as person immigration to a country or state in offence of the immigration laws and empire of that country or state. The illegal immigrants occupy substantial portion of the Malaysia population, numbering as many as two million. Most of the illegal immigrants came from Indonesia, Philippines, Cambodia, Vietnam and so on. They came to Malaysia to take odd job unpopularity to the local populace, which are agricultural sectors, human trafficking or prostitution. The illegal immigrants came to Malaysia working harder for the little amount of family income monthly, but some of these create some social problem after unemployed.
Illegal immigration increase many political, economic and social issues and affects the growth of developed countries and the more successful developing countries. First, they make our country poverty. Illegal immigrants normally entered the country in search of higher wages that cannot achievable in their home countries. The local people is lost the work opportunity when these illegal immigrants have fulfilled the working sector. The poverty will increase, when rate of unemployment increases.
Secondly, those illegal immigrants make our country overpopulation which is population growth that exceeds the carrying capacity of an area or environment results. Overpopulation can cause problems such as pollution, water crisis, and poverty because the government cannot control the illegal immigrant. They misuse the water and cause the water crisis.
Third are they prostitution in our country. It is someone especially a women, who earned money by having sex with other people. Someone forced into sexual slavery because they need to pay the charges of illegal immigrants or need to face the stress of the live. The rate of death will increase because of the HIV virus This is also will lead to HIV virus in other hand it will increase the amount of death in our country.
The illegal immigration brings many affect to our country’s growth and it needs the solution to prevent these issues. In year 2011, the government put the Legalization Program into practice to allow the 1.8 million illegal to be either legalized or allow to be deported back to their home country without any form of punishment. Employers who have been employing illegal workers will also be granted amnesty and allow to legalize their worker, subjected to the rules and regulation of Ministry of Manpower. All illegal workers are allowed to register under the 6P program. All illegal will be allow to get a valid work permit, insurance and other benefits after registrant to be approved to work in Malaysia. Those illegal immigrate who’s registration has been rejected would be granted amnesty from any prosecution or any fine and be allow to return to their home country freely.
Another, the government needs to strengthen laws in the sea area, land area and sky area to prevent illegal immigration. Those illegal immigrate will through any way to reached our country for the higher monthly income. The authorities need to increase the quantity of the army, navy and airforce to prevent the illegal immigration in our country. The government need to border fence and heightened border security in Malaysia.
Furthermore, the ageing population also can be classifying as the issue problem today. The ageing population is a phenomenon when the increase rate of the old age people with any region or gender and the decreasing of the rate of birth in a country. The old age people occupy the major quantity in the country more than the young people. It can be prove with the investigate, the quantity people of Malaysians aged 60 years and above is estimated to be 1.4 million and is Expected to increase to 3.3 million in the year 2020. The percentage of the population that is 60 years and over has also increased over the years – 5.2% in 1970, 5.7% in 1990 and 6.3% in the year 2000. In the year 2020, this percentage is projected to be 9.8% of the population.
The issue of ageing population affected our country’s growth seriously. This process is taking place in any country in the world. Although a rising old age can have significant social and economic implications because of their experiment, but as the worker become progressive older, the efficiency will decrease. This will affect economic of the country of development, Malaysia. The elder age of the worker, will face the many problem when working such as health problem, IT problem and so on. Older people will take more sick leave than younger people because the physical situation. Another, elder people majority cannot keep places with the time and cause cannot use the IT product. These problems will affect the efficiency of the work in this modern world and slow down the economic growth.
Furthermore, the step to overcome the ageing problems is to increase the rate of birth in our country. The aged of married need shift to an earlier date. Every family need to plan a family planner to increase the family member in the right time. Then, we can decrease ageing problems and avoid happened another social problem such as abortion, child abuse, and so on.
Cruelty to animals, also called animal abuse or animal neglect, is the infliction of suffering or harm upon non-human animals, for purposes other than self-defense. If the master of animal not giving the animal of life essential like food or water, it can be said that animal abuse. The animal can be harm for specific gain such as medical traditional because human being believes that the animal specific part can treat diseases but no any scientific basis. Human being killing the animal only for the specific part such as fur to make bag or traditional medical for own benefit, it so cruelty to the animal.
Following that, human cannot continuous cruelty to animal. It will cause the endangered of that animal species. If the Apes endangered in our country, it will decrease the tourist come to Malaysia to see the special animal which is only in the Malaysia. It will directly affect the economics of our country. Animal abuse also can be said as the immoral activities which will affect the honorary of Malaysian. Another country will think that Malaysian is immoral and will not choose Malaysia as tourist place.
The way to prevent animal abuse problem is teach children cannot cruelty to animal since they were young. Parents play an important role in this issue to guide their children in a better path way because parents is the closest person to the children. If people know the seriousness of the animal abuse, they will not cruelty to animal. It can decrease the case of animal abuse in the future efficiency.
A drug is a chemical substance which may have medicinal, intoxicating, performance enhancing or other effects when taken or put into a human body or the body of another animal and is not considered a food or exclusively a food. The drug can be classify as benefit or harmful to the humans and animals. A drug is used as a medicine such as make human or animal sleepy or unconscious or used in a medicine in treatment, prevention disease or other condition. On the contrary, drug is a substance that affects the processes of mind or body and the central nervous system to do abnormal behavior. On drug can cause someone addition and appear druggies brings about more and more social problem in today’s modern world.
Following that, the case of drug abuse destroy the development country, Malaysia, to exploit social and human capital. This will degrade quality of life and cause the experienced worker leaves their position, as well as fear crime cause by the drug addiction. That may block the development to continue in the future. Crime can impede the possible employer and education opportunity, and it discourages the accumulation of asset in our country.
Furthermore, business is a sector which is sensitive to the crime and drug abuse problem. Both foreign and domestic investors think that drug abuse and crime as a social which is instability to make investment. This proves that the crime and drug abuse can drive away the business in our country. Drug abuse and crime can cause our country’s recession because of the investor get rid of our country to investment.
Prevention is better than cure. We need to prevent drug abuse before it occurs in our country. The school authorities are the important role in this issue. The school authorities need to start campaign which is related to prevent drug abuse and educate student about the harmful of drug. It can prevent teenager involved in the drug abuse and can ensure the best development of the country in the future. If not, how can the druggies develop the country in the future?
Nevertheless, the road accident as a social problem is increasing in today’s modern world. Accident can be definite as an unfortunate incident that happens unexpectedly and unintentionally, typically resulting in damage or injury or a crash involving road or other vehicles, typically one that causes serious damage or injury. We can find out the road accident in the newspaper every day. It shows that the how seriously road accident was happened in our daily life.
Malaysia is paying a high price to the road accident due to the careless of cars and motorcycles drives. This issue effects the population of Malaysia because of the rate of death increase. Following that, the rate of the death in the road accident increase from the year to year. If the rate of death of road accident increases, both family and country will effect by this factor seriously. Everyone life in the world has their own value. Anyone should protect their life to contribution in develop the country. We should exert 1Malaysia spirit to let our country in the shortest time not waste our life on the careless behavior.
Constantly, the road accidents cause the tangible and intangible costs of the economics of country damaged gravely. In the road accident, the tangible costs included the damaged of the vehicles such as replacement and repair fee, medical treatment fee, insurance fee. The intangible costs included pain, physiological trauma, and grief. With the more able the people to buy a car, the road accident increases and directly create more and more effect in this issue.
The government implement a operation called “OPS SIKAP” to decreases the road accident in the festival seasons such as Deepavali, Chinese New Year, Christmas day, and Hari Raya Aidilfitri. The “OPS SIKAP” operation can be defined as operation attitude in the English which is carried out by the Royal Malaysia Police to create a safety traffic. This operation began in year 2001 to monitor the area which had higher rate of road accident. Until today, the 26th “OPS SIKAP” operations were successful decrease the road accident and directly decrease the rate of death in our country.
Apart from that, personally played the important role in the road accident. According the investigate, personally neglect in service regularly, drive in the situation lack of sleep, or hypervelocity. The drivers should have the correct behavior to protect life in the road. Example, driver should service car regularly to ensure the function of car operated normally. The driver should engraft the correct concept in their mind to decrease the road accident.
Following that, gambling is the gambled of money or something of material value on an event with an uncertain outcome with the primary intent of winning additional money and/or material goods, it can be seen as an entertainment. The desired to gamble continually no matter the harmful negative consequent can be classify as the problem gambling, or ludomania. The opening of the casino in the Marina Bay Sands and Resort Word Sentosa in Singapore or the casino in Genting Highland increase the problem gambling in our country.
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Furthermore, the gambling derivative more and more problems in the social. Constant indulgence in gambling brought about person ruin. If we indulgence in gambling, we will neglect other things except gambling. If one approaches gambling with the intent of winning and they initially end up losing, the only way for them to break even or win in the long run is to keep playing. The game will stop until the person bankrupt. There will affect the economics of the country because of the fund decrease and put in the wrong place.
The NGO or GO should created the hotline for pathological gambling to prevent the problem gambling increase. The pathological gambling can say out the problem they faced or teach the way to avoid gambling. The gamblers rehab centre should de build up to avoid gambling. The pathological gambling should use the correct way to overcome gambling because the pathological gambling is the one who indulge in the gambling seriously.
Last but not least, the social problems that I list down above are illegal immigration, ageing population, cruelty to animal, drug abuse, road accident which is increasing in today’s modern world. These problems affect our country’s growth in the aspect of social, politic, economic, education, and so on. All authorities should carry out the method to decreasing the social problem together.
7 Mafauzy Mohamed, (2000) The Problems and Challenges of the Aging Population of Malaysia. Malaysian Journal of Medical Sciences, 7 (1). pp. 1-3. ISSN 1394195X
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Official URL: http://www.medic.usm.my/publication/mjms/
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