Symbols Of Social Stratification Theology Religion Essay
|✅ Paper Type: Free Essay||✅ Subject: Theology|
|✅ Wordcount: 3400 words||✅ Published: 1st Jan 2015|
Israel has a famous philharmonic orchestra. The nation has produced traditional music stars as violinist Perlman and musician and anode Daniel Barenboim. In Jerusalem the Leonard International Music Competition gives year on year awards in classical music. Rock music and pop & roll have a huge following particularly in nation where local actors like Ofra Haza, and Shalom Hanoche perform to avid audiences. Klezmer is a form of music that initiated in Eastern Europe during the 17th century is a boisterous blend of drums, violins, and tambourines keyboards which is common at wedding merriments.
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The Israel Ballet Company is famous in world. There are many modern dance groups, most particularly Inbal, and Bat Dor. Israeli choreographer Ohad is well known in the dance in world. Israel has a glittering tradition of folk dances and which are performed by professional groups in events such as weddings and. The hora is a dance which is usually performed.
Israel Ballet performs Don Quixote
Theaters are also famous in Israel. Jewish theater is very histrionic although many contemporary productions which accept many Western theatrical resolutions and social issue and there are many company that stage productions in English and Arabic. As well as the film industry are top known for its documentaries, biographies etc.
Israel has not a highly stratified economy. Most of people have similarly relaxed living standard. However, majority of the poor people are Palestinian. Recent immigrants from different countries such as Africa, Eastern Europe, are also suffering from the economy.
Symbols of Social Stratification:
Among Jews in Israel, clothing is the sign of political and culture affiliation. Generally men wear skullcaps for prayers: most of them wear this cloth at all times. Traditional Jewish men are notable by black or brown hats and liberal Jews wear white or yellow crocheted caps. Men from Orthodox communities wear black cloth and wear long peyes and sidelocks. Head of the women is covered traditionally in culture. Less conservative Jews, comprise the majority of the populations mostly wear Western types clothes. Many Arabs in Israel wear traditional Muslim dress which shows their culture.
Gender Roles and Statuses:
Women in many fields are well represented, both non-traditional and traditional. Israel has elected the female prime minister. The first female prime minister, Golda Meir served from 1969 to 1975. Sometimes the equality of gender in some places of Israel have been reversed; although it used to be a symbol of kibbutzim, in which the labor was divided without respect to the gender, presently women are mostly to be found in the child care and in kitchen. Now a day Women, like men, are necessary to serve in the army, and during the war they fight like men.
The Relative Status of Women and Men
In Israel men and women live very distinct lives in the orthodox tradition. Women are reflected inferior, and are attached from many traditional activities. Though, some of Israeli society is highly advanced, and women are given equal status to men, in terms of legally and socially.
Usually, in both Arab and Jewish societies, weddings were often arranged, but now a day it is not common. There are social taboos against the inter-marriage; it is unlawful for a Jew to wed a non-Jew in Israel. If people want to do so must go to abroad for the wedding ceremony. Within the Jewish community, it is an unusual for a very sensitive Jew for marries someone secular. Here divorce is legal, but some Orthodox Jewish rule applies to it.
Households and Families
In Israel, household is defined as group of persons living in the one house on a perpetual basis most of week, and they have some common spending budget for food. Sometime household may include some folks who are not act as a family.
Here, family is defined as two or more persons who share same house and are related to one another as husband and wife or as a parent and child. The most type of family is a couple having children (63%).
Nowadays, the structure of homes and families is varied than in the past, due to result of changing, social, demographic and economic trends.
Today structure of the households and families are prejudiced by variety of factors and several of which are presented below:
In recent years, young people have been appending marriage. Some people live alone or some with friends and others with their partners. In Israel, age at the time of marriage, at the birth of first child has risen. Subsequently, there has been rushing in number of single-parent families. Improved life expectancy led to increase in the percentage of old persons in the population, most of who live alone.
In Israel, babies are usually showered and adored with love. The long family plays important role in serving to raise the baby, but here mother takes primary responsibility. Jewish boys are circumcised eight days after the birth in the religious ceremony which is called a bris. Today, in most of society, children are growing in the nuclear family. Though, the communal child care is very common, especially for the mothers who work generally outside the home.
Literacy definition: Age 15 and above can read and write.
Rate of literacy: 97.1% of total population in 2004
Israeli youth are mandatory to attend at least ten years of the school, in adding to preschool. The education is ordered in 4 levels. The preschool is available to children of between the ages of 3 and 6 years; it is essential from age 5 years. Primary education runs from grades 1 through 6; grades 7, 8, and 9 are in middle and junior high schools in Israel. Secondary education included grades 10 to 12. Secondary schools have of 3 main types: the academic high school, which make students to take national examination and route of which is required to enter the university and agricultural high schools. The other two schools offer diplomas which allowed holders to continue in engineering fields at post-secondary level but it does not lead to the matriculation exam. Here, Ministry of Labor joint with Ministry of Education for responsibilities for curriculum as well as support of vocational schools. In Israel, education through the middle school level is free. Before 1978, tuitions are charged in secondary schools of Israel.
Israel has seven of great universities. In the past 1980s, these universities existed in country are The Technion (1912) ,Hebrew University of Israel (1925), The Tel Aviv University (1935) The Bar Ians University (1955), Haifa University (1964),The Ben-Gurion University of the Negev (1965), and Weizmann Institute of Technology (1936).
Technion- Technological University, Israel
Here, the Entrance standards are high, and the students must pass the national exam before admission. The oldest and most famous of these is Hebrew University, which also has one of the famous medical schools in the Middle East of Israel. Ben-Gurion University is emphases on natural conservation. The Technion in Haifa is focuses on science as well as engineering. Weizmann Institute is for post-graduate study. Here, There also are vocational, and teacher training institutions. Yeshivots are one of the religious academies that train Jewish scholars.
Israelis are very spontaneous in social communications. Their standards in many countries would be considered impudent. Here “Please” and “thank you” are not spoken lightly. Despite of this specious terseness, eye contact and touching are more common in social communications.
Religious custom says that dress of women is conservatively when go to holy sites , here shorts are not acceptable for either gender apart from this that man cover heads with yarmulke.
In Country, Arabs are generally more physically affectionate persons but in the Arab society men as well as women are frequently separated socially. Apart from this there is less physical contact among men and women in public. It is usual to remove shoes before going in an Arab household.
In Israel, religion has played a vital role in shaping the country’s civilizations, culture as well as way of life throughout the history. Because Israel is one of the Holy Land of world’s great religions, such as Judaism, Christianity Islam, it attracts immigrants and travelers from all over the globe.
Today, Israel is one and only country where Jews make up the majority of the population. Over one fourth of the world’s total Jewish people lives here. In December 2010 there are 7,503,800 inhabitants in the country among them 75.4% of them are only Jewish and other 20.3% are only Arab. The rest of 4.3% are categorized as other and they are encompassed mostly of non-Arab Christians as well as non-Arab Muslims.
Western Wall and the Dome of the Rock, Jerusalem, Israel
Though Judaism is the popular religion here, the liberty to practice any of religion within country is guaranteed. The religions legally known under the Israeli law are mainly Jewish, Christian, Muslim etc. Israel protects the independence of Jews and non-Jews similar to involve in their chosen form of worship exercise.
In Israel, The Ministry of Religious contributions institutions of every association and contributes to the protection and repair of their holy memorials that are protected mainly by the govt. and made accessible to pilgrims of many ethnicities. Today, Religious institutions in Israel such as state economic support in form of both direct funding as well as tax exemptions.
Due to Israel’s association and significance to different faiths many travelers do indeed visit Israel besides its holy places. The variety of sacred sites in Israel offers all religions and values to people.
The recent State of Israel has its ancient and religious roots in the Holy Land of Israel, also recognized as Zion a concept vital to Judaism since olden times. Jerusalem is the ancient site of the First Temple which was constructed by Solomon in the tenth century BC then it is damaged by Babylonians during 586 BC.
Jerusalem is the home of Second Temple which was constructed about seventy years later and it is robbed by Romans during AD 100.
Rituals and Holy Places
In Israel, Jews worship in the way to synagogues. In the most culture, men sit in the opposite and women in the back divided by a divider or in the balcony. There is a many of places in Israel in its capital in particular that have holy significance to Jews, Christians. Dome of the Rock is the antique Muslim memorial. Christians frequently make visits to the Church of the Sacred Sepulcher in Jerusalem. Wailing Wall, remains of the Temple overwhelmed by the Romans in 70 C.E. is the sacred spot of Jews. There is a separate section of the obstacle for men and women. People frequently write their prayers on the bits of paper and they slip them in the cracks among the grits. The Jewish New Year, Rosh Hashana is fall in the month of September. Jews uaually attend synagogue for 2 days and attend to analyses from the Torah. The 10 days following Rosh Hashana is known as the Days of Awe. Finally this ends in Yom Kippur, Day of Atonement and the greatest day of the year for Jews. Jews fast from sunset to sunset and join synagogue where they apologize for their some of immoralities and they ask the God to inscribe in the Book of the Life for the year. The sukkot the famous harvest festival is progressive in the fall of year. The hanukkah which falls in the month of December, is 8 days holiday celebrating the defeat of the Maccabeeses over the Greek in the C.E. 165. Purim in the spring is celebrates Queen Esther’s outsmarting Haman, who was wished to kill Jewish people in Israel. Passover which is falls later in a spring is recollects Jewish freedom from captivity in Egypt.
The mitzvah or bat mitzvah is an imperative ceremony in Judaism. Here, children study for several years to prepare for the occasion that occurs when they enter in thirteen. They are named to speak from Torah previously the congregation the service is followed by the party with famous food and dancing.
Medicine and Health Care
Israel’s great standard of health service, good quality medicinal technology, modern hospital facilities and a notable ratio of surgeons to population donate to the country’s best standard of health.
In an estimation conducted by the United Nation regarding the quality of life in the 182 countries Israel ranked twenty seven only which lower than the U.K.
Israel has an inclusive health care system defensive medicine and civic medicine for the general public, first class hospitals, and excellent facilities.
Israel has seen reflective progresses in the health people that can be recognized to the successful solicitation of a socialized health care system, environmental awareness as well as the successful inculcation for a healthy life style.
Israel’s health care system offers every resident with an occasion to be treated by the doctor, at most of medical institute with free of charge. In adding, the invention and growth of drugs, and new machineries increase the health care system’s skill to treat many diseases and many other health problems, which increases the range of medical action and prominence of health care to country economy. The profit to the society is seen in enhanced population health, fertility, and improved welfare, reducing down of aging and also increasing life expectancy.
The Health Ministy is responsible for the growth of health policy operation of the country’s health services and group of the govt. health care budget. The govt. also keeps and runs many of the nation’s larger hospitals. They permit the medical professions and recruits and supervise implementation of all the health-related regulation. In Israel, first health insurance foundation was started in 1911 by group of agricultural workers and then taken over by Histadrutt in 1920.
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Advanced technology has become an essential portion of modern analytic measures in Israel. Cooperation between the medical institutes and the industries has led to vital development in the growth of medical instruments. Israel’s medical labs have advanced microcomputer devices which are important for diagnosis and effective treatment in dangerous situations. Now, country has started to the development and use of therapeutic instruments, and numerous variety of medical equipment with the computerized checking systems as well as other life-saving devices.
Today, biotechnology brings the innovation and improvements in medicine. Three Nobel prizes were given to Israeli scientists in the field of biotechnology.
Social Welfare Ministry began its work in the month of June 1948, carrying on the task of the Welfare Department recognized in 1931 under the Mandate. The Insurance Act of 1953 and Social Welfare Law approved in 1958 certified the broad series of health programs including fighter’s pensions, workers reward provisions and larger allowances for huge families. Leaving age is 70 for men and 65 for women, but persons are applicable for some benefits 5 years before the retirement age. In adding there are large number of charitable agencies which is funded by the Diaspora Jewry that donated to the social welfare of Israel.
Special programs, including the low-interest loans, and rent or loan relief, are available to migrants after 1967 through Immigrant Absorption Ministry and the Zionist Organization. Today these programs have measured by Israelis and long-time settlers in the Israel particularly for benefiting comparatively well-to-do migrants from the East. Still more stimulating have been profitable programs designed to help returning Israeli migrants settle to life in Israel.
The population of Israel is around 7,933,200 in 2012.
In the country, Jewish population is up to 5,978,600 and 1,636,600 are Arabs and those recognized as others make up 318,000 people. When the state was recognized there were around 806,000 citizens and the total population prolonged its first and second million in 1947 and 1958 respectively.
The overall population rose by 96,300 people since end of 2011 (1.8%) – a growth rate same to that of the last 8 years.
The Jewish population raised 1.8% while the Arab population raised 2.4%. The Christian population grew by 1.3% and Druze population raised by 1.7%.
Immigration & Naturalization
Israel received 16,892 migrants as residents during 2011 with an increase of 1.5% from 2010. Here, the largest migrant people were from Russia, Ethiopia, Ukraine and France, There were 2.7 migrants for every 1,000 Israeli residents at that time.
The Ethiopian migration in particular has felt a large growth – in 2009 because only 239 Ethiopians arrived to Israel.
4.3 million of the total Jewish are “Sabras” – who born in Israel and compared with only a 35% native born population in 1948. Those of European and American family make up around 2.2 million of the Jewish people while Africans from Africa fill out 14.5% and Asians from eastern countries are only 11.2%.
A Young Population
In 2011, Israel’s population is measured as a fresh relative to the other Western countries. 27% of the population was elderly. While only 10.2% of population were older than 65 years of age. According to OECD average is 18.5% for elderly and, 15% (more than65).
Today, average age of Israeli is getting senior. According to OECD in year 2011 average age was 29.5 years with related to 27.6 in the year of 2000. And usual age for the males was 28.4 and for women it was 30.6 years in 2011.
Life expectancy at birth in the nation is 81.07 (2012 est.) years for population. Here, life expectancy is 80 years for men and for women it is 83.6 years. This life expectancy remains a rising trend of the past decade. In Israel, males of Jews has a life expectancy 4.2 years more than Arab complements and women of Jews has expectancy 3.0 years more. Israeli lifetime expectancy is more than OECD average.
Life expectancy at birth (years)
Distribution of population
About 40% of Israel’s population lives in the center of the nation among them 24% lives in west region, 16% lives in Tel Aviv. About 27% of the population lives in the east and another 14% are built in the north. 12% live in both Haifa and Jerusalem regions and other 7% in East Bank.
Only half of the Jewish population lives in the center of the country in either Tel Aviv or Jerusalem areas. About 60% of the Arab population exists in the north of country.
Population density increased in 2011 to 357 people per every Sq. Km as different to only 289 people per square km in 2000. Jerusalem is Israel’s densest city with 7,823 people per km square.
A study established in 2010 showed that the average income of family of Jewish majority was NIS 14,167 per month, while Israel’s Arab minority’s average income was NIS 8,155 per month.
Poverty in Israel
While overall living standard of Israel is increasing the report prepared by the National Insurance Institute stated that poverty in the nation has not shown adequate decline.
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